A Review of Smart Energy Metering System Projects

  Folasade M. Dahunsi (1*), Sodiq O. Eniola (2), Akinlolu A. Ponnle (3), Olaide A. Agbolade (4), Charles N. Udekwe (5), Adegoke O. Melodi (6)

(1) Computer Engineering Department, The Federal University of Technology, Akure. - Nigeria
(2) Computer Engineering Department, The Federal University of Technology, Akure. - Nigeria
(3) Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department, The Federal University of Technology, Akure. - Nigeria
(4) Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department, The Federal University of Technology, Akure. - Nigeria
(5) Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department, The Federal University of Technology, Akure. - Nigeria
(6) Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department, The Federal University of Technology, Akure. - Nigeria
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: June 12, 2021; Revised: July 23, 2021
Accepted: August 10, 2021; Published: August 31, 2021

How to cite (IEEE): F. M. Dahunsi, S. O. Eniola, A. A. Ponnle, O. A. Agbolade, C. N. Udekwe,  and A. O. Melodi, "A Review of Smart Energy Metering System Projects," Jurnal Elektronika dan Telekomunikasi, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 70-78, Aug. 2021. doi: 10.14203/jet.v21.70-78


The rule of thumb dictates that for any country to have a stable and sufficient power supply, there must be at least a thousand Megawatts of electricity for every one million population. However, many developing countries generate far less than the population demand. Despite not generating enough, enormous electrical power loss, energy theft, and unpaid bills are major problems bedeviling the power distribution companies. A fundamental process in the electricity cycle is energy metering from power generation to distribution and consumption. For decades now, manual (or conventional) energy meters are used to estimate every end-user's energy consumption. But there are lots of setbacks to these meters. These meters were unable to solve the problems of power loss and theft, giving necessity to developing a metering system that will serve as a solution to all issues emanating from the consumer end. The past decade saw many developments of such meters, where all are based on the internet of things (IoT) technology. Such meters are called – by the early developers – a smart energy metering system (SEMS), or simply, a Smart Meter. While there have been several reviews on SEMS, most were found to be based on the instant billing capabilities of SEMS, system development, and the wireless communication protocols of the systems. This review focuses on individual components of SEMS with particular attention to the different types and modes of sensors used for other applications. It analyzes various SEMS designs, microcontrollers, sensors, modules, transducers, communication protocols, data storage accuracy, and maximum power capability. Also discussed are the achievements and weaknesses of the designs, some future research challenges, and open issues in the implementation of SEMS.



energy; internet of things; microcontrollers; sensors; smart meters

Full Text:



C. Sookasame and W. Zhongdong, "Real time power consumption monitoring using Arduino," Int. J. Res. Scientific Innov., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 6–12, 2019.

N. V. Patil, R. S. Kanase, D. R. Bondar, and P. D. Bamane, "Intelligent energy meter with advanced billing system and electricity theft detection," 2017 Int. Conf. Data Manag. Anal. Innov., 2017, pp. 36–41. Crossref

P. D. Talwar and S. B. Kulkarni, "IoT based energy meter reading," Int. J. Recent Trends Eng. Res., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 586–591, Jun. 2016.

K. Jose, M. Jithin, U. K. Leneesh, C. Nijeesh, and T. Benny, "Smart energy meter," Int. J. Eng. Trends Technol., vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 179–182, Apr. 2015.

M. M. Rahman, M. O. Islam, M. Salakin, and Noor-E-Jannat, "Arduino and GSM based smart energy meter for advanced metering and billing system," 2nd Int. Conf. Electr. Eng. Inf. Commun. Technol., 2015. Crossref

P. Järventausta et al., "Smart grid power system control in distributed generation environment," Annu. Rev. Control, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 277 – 286, Dec. 2010. Crossref

L. I. Minchala-Avila, J. Armijos, D. Pesántez, and Y. Zhang, "Design and implementation of a smart meter with demand response capabilities," Energy Procedia, vol. 103, pp. 195–200, Dec. 2016. Crossref

M. Kuzlu, M. Hasan, S. Rahman, and H. Dincer, "Design of wireless smart metering system based on MSP430 MCU and Zigbee for residential application," 2011 7th Int. Conf. Elect. and Electron. Eng., 2011.

P. R. Daware and S. S. Patil, "A review on intelligent automatic meter reading and e-billing system using power line communication," Int. J. Sci. Res., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 1341–1343, 2015.

J. Zheng, D. W. Gao, and L. Lin, "Smart meters in smart grid: An overview," in 2013 IEEE Green Technol. Conf., 2013, pp. 57 – 64. Crossref

D. Norris, The Internet of Things: Do-It-Yourself at Home Projects for Arduino, Raspberry Pi, and BeagleBone. USA: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.

A. P. Hiwale, D. S. Gaikwad, A. A. Dongare, and C. Mhatre, "IoT based smart energy monitoring," Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 2522–2526, 2018.

A. Tiwary, M. Mahato, M. Tripathi, M. Shrivastava, M. K. Chandrol, and A. Chidar, "A comprehensive review of smart energy meters: An innovative approach," Int. J. Futur. Revolut. Comput. Sci. Commun. Eng., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 239–243, 2018.

N. C. Jaramillo, C. J. F. Cardona, and J. D. V. Henao, "Smart meters adoption: Recent advances and future trends," DYNA, vol. 81, no. 183, pp. 221–230, 2014. Crossref

V. Devaliya, A. Chauhan, F. Faldu, K. Mishra, and S. Choubey, "Literature review on smart energy meter," Int. J. Innovative Res. Sci. Eng. Technol., vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 12001–12003, Dec. 2018.

U. M. Patel and M. M. Modi, “A Review on smart meter system,” Int. J. Innovative Res. Elect. Electron. Instrum. Control Eng., vol. 3, no. 12, pp. 70–73, Dec. 2015. Crossref

B. D. Sawarkar and S. S. Golait, "A review paper on automatic meter reading and instant billing," Int. J. Adv. Res. Comput. Commun. Eng., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 213–217, Jan. 2015. Crossref

S. H. Mir, S. Ashruf, Sameena, Y. Bhat, and N. Beigh, "Review on smart electric metering system based on GSM/IoT," Asian J. Elect. Sci., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2019.

S. Araya and N. Rakesh, "Review on design of residential IoT based smart energy meters review on design of residential IoT based smart energy meters," Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 3018-3023, Jul. 2019.

Y. Wang, Q. Chen, T. Hong, and C. Kang, "Review of smart meter data analytics: Applications, methodologies, and challenges," IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 3125–3148, May 2019. Crossref

L. Ajit and Y. Bhute, "A review on IoT based smart and multi-functional energy meter," Int. J. Innov. Res. Comput. Commun. Eng., vol 5, no. 1, pp. 874-878, Jan. 2017.

R. Jain, S. Gupta, C. Mahajan, and A. Chauhan, "Research paper on IOT based smart energy meter monitoring and controlling system," Int. J. Res. Electron. Comput. Eng., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1600 – 1604, Jun. 2019.

N. C. Jaramillo, C. J. F. Cardona, and J. D. V. Henao, “Smart meters adoption: Recent advances and future trends,” Dyna, vol. 81, no. 183, pp. 221–230, 2014. Crossref

B. Kitchenham, O. P. Brereton, D. Budgen, M. Turner, J. Bailey, and S. Linkman, "Systematic literature reviews in software engineering – A systematic literature review," Inf. Softw. Technol., vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 7–15, Jan. 2009. Crossref

H. M. Z. Iqbal, M. Waseem, and T. Mahmood, "Automatic energy meter reading using smart energy meter," Int. Conf. Eng. Emerging Technol. 2014, 2014.

P. S. Varpe, P. A. Gorakshanath, and J. P. Shankar, "IoT based energy meter with current, voltage and cost monitoring system," Sci. Technol. Develop. J., vol. 9, no. 5, May 2020.

OpenGreenEnergy. "Arduino energy meter: 10 steps." https://www.instructables.com/ARDUINO-ENERGY-METER/ (accessed Aug. 28, 2021).

N. Javed, M. A. Shafi, N. Khan, and M. Khan, "Design of a smart energy meter with overload trip facilities," Int. J. Eng. Adv. Technol., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 107-117, Aug. 2017.

F. K. Handhal and A. T. Rashid, "A prototype design for three-phase smart energy meter," 2017 2nd Al-Sadiq Int. Conf. Multidiscip. IT Commun. Sci. Appl., 2017, pp. 262–267. Crossref

T. M. Chung and H. Daniyal, "Arduino based power meter using instantaneous power calculation method," Asian Res. Publishing Netw. J. Eng. Appl. Sci., vol. 10, no. 21, pp. 9791–9795, Nov. 2015.

E. Kabalci and Y. Kabalci, Energy Systems in Electrical Engineering Smart Grids and Their Communication Systems, 1st ed. US: Springer, 2019.

C. Mcnally, "Arduino based wireless power meter," M.S. thesis, Cornell Univ., 2010.

N. David, F. N. Anozie, F. O. Ebuka, and S. A. Nzenweaku, "Design of an Arduino based wireless," Int. J. Sci. Eng. Res., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 466–469, Sep. 2016.

F. Sanchez-Sutil, A. Cano-Ortega, J. C. Hernandez, and C. Rus-Casas, "Development and calibration of an open-source, low-cost power smart meter prototype for PV household-prosumers," Electron., vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 33–37, Aug. 2019, Art. no.878. Crossref

S. Utami, Faridah, N. A. Azizi, E. Kencanawati, M. A. Tanjung, and B. Achmad, “Energy monitoring system for existing buildings in indonesia,” E3S Web Conf., vol. 42, 2018, Art. no. 01003. Crossref

Freescale Semiconductor, Appl. Note AN4164, pp. 1–7.

S. S. Wagh and S. P. Kharde, "Review on design and implementation of intelligent energy meter using Arduino and GSM modem," Int. J. Innov. Res. Sci. Eng. Technol., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 21384–21388, Nov. 2017.

R. Jain. "IoT based electricity energy meter using ESP12 and Arduino." Circuitdigest.Com. [Online]. Available: https://circuitdigest.com/microcontroller-projects/iot-electricity-energy-meter-using-esp12-arduino

U. A. Takte and A. V. Nikalje, “An embedded electric meter using ARM, ZigBee and GSM,” Int. J. Innov. Res. Comput. Commun. Eng., vol. 4, no. 6, pp.12415-12419, Jun. 2016.

S. K. Pal, A. Ranjan, A. Mishra, C. P. Singh, and A. Srivastava, "Electric meter reading through IoT by using Raspberry pi model," Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 3603–3608, Mar. 2018.

S. Jain et al., "Smart energy metering using LPWAN IoT technology," India Smart Grid Week 2017: Compendium of Technical Papers, 2018, pp. 19–28. Crossref

B. K. Sahani, T. Ravi, A. J. Tamboli, and R. Pisal, "IoT based smart energy meter," Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 96-102, Apr. 2017.

A. Raj. "Arduino wattmeter: Measure voltage, current and power consumption." [Online]. Available: https://circuitdigest.com/microcontroller-projects/arduino-wattmeter-to-measure-voltage-current-power-consumption

N. H. Mustafa, M. N. Husain, M. A. A. Aziz, M. A. Othman, and F. Malek, "Development of energy monitoring system based on human behavior by using Arduino microcontroller," in 8th Malaysia University Conf. Engineering Technology, 2014.

K. Govinda, "Design of smart meter using Atmel 89S52 microcontroller," Procedia Technol., vol. 21, pp. 376–380, 2015. Crossref

S. Karnouskos, O. Terzidis, and P. Karnouskos, “An advanced metering infrastructure for future energy networks.,” in New Technologies, Mobility and Security. Springer, Dordrech, 2007, ch. 49, pp. 597–606. Crossref

N. V. Patil, R. S. Kanase, D. R. Bondar, and P. D. Bamane, "Intelligent energy meter with advanced billing system and electricity theft detection," in 2017 Int. Conf. Data Management, Analytics and Innovation, 2017, pp. 36–41. Crossref

C. Klemenjak, D. Egarter, and W. Elmenreich, “YoMo: the Arduino-based smart metering board,” Comput. Sci. - Res. Dev., vol. 31, no. 1–2, pp. 97–103, 2016. Crossref

G. Mylonas, D. Amaxilatis, S. Tsampas, L. Pocero, and J. Gunneriusson, "A methodology for saving energy in educational buildings using an IoT infrastructure," 10th Int. Conf. Information, Intell. Syst. Appl., 2019. Crossref

P. M. Ramos, N. B. Bras, and A. C. Serra, "A new calibration method for current and voltage sensors used in power quality measurements," 2006 IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conf. Proc., 2007, pp. 2283–2288. Crossref

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 National Research and Innovation Agency

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.