Analytical Performance of Low Noise Amplifier Using Single-Stage Configuration for ADS-B Receiver
Automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) is an equipment of a radar system to reach difficult areas. For radar applications, an ADS-B requires a low noise amplifier (LNA) with high gain, stability, and a low noise figure. In this research, to produce an LNA with good performance, an LNA was designed using a BJT transistor 2SC5006 with DC bias, VCE = 3 V, and current Ic = 10 mA, also a DC supply with VCC = 12 V, to achieve a high gain with a low noise figure. The initial LNA impedance circuit was simulated using 2 elements and then converted into 3 elements to obtain parameters according to the target specification through the tuning process, impedance matching circuit was used to reduce return loss and voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) values. The LNA sequence obtains the working frequency of 1090 MHz, return loss of -52.103 dB, a gain of 10.382, VSWR of 1.005, a noise figure of 0.552, stability factor of 0.997, and bandwidth of 83 MHz. From the simulation results, the LNA has been successfully designed according to the ADS-B receiver specifications.
D. Stacey, Aeronautical Radio Communication Systems and Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2008.
O. N. Skrypnik, Radio Navigation Systems for Airports and Airways. Singapore: Springer Singapore, 2019.
M. López-Lago, J. Serna, R. Casado, and A. Bermúdez, “Present and Future of Air Navigation: PBN Operations and Supporting Technologies,” Int. J. Aeronaut. Sp. Sci., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 451–468, Jun. 2020. Crossref
W. Semke et al., “Analysis of Radar and ADS-B Influences on Aircraft Detect and Avoid (DAA) Systems,” Aerospace, vol. 4, no. 3, p. 49, Sep. 2017. Crossref
M. Varga, Z. A. Polgar, and H. Hedesiu, “ADS-B based real-time air traffic monitoring system,” in 2015 38th International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing, TSP 2015, 2015, pp. 215–219. Crossref
K. Dastner, E. Schmid, B. V. H. Z. Roseneckh-Kohler, and F. Opitz, “Learning from ADS-B data for real-time radar applications,” in Proceedings International Radar Symposium, 2019, vol. 2019-June. Crossref
J. Sun, H. Vû, X. Olive, and J. Hoekstra, “Mode S Transponder Comm-B Capabilities in Current Operational Aircraft,” Proceedings, vol. 59, no. 1, p. 4, 2020. Crossref
I. Biswas, A. J. Deka, and S. C. Bose, “Design of a 2.3 GHz low noise amplifier for WIMAX applications,” in 2012 International Conference on Devices, Circuits and Systems, ICDCS 2012, 2012, pp. 105–109. Crossref
A. Aneja, X. J. Li, and B. E. Li, “Design of Continuously Tunable Low Noise Amplifier for Multiband Radio,” in Mediterranean Microwave Symposium, 2018, vol. 2017-November. Crossref
I. Stefigraf and S. Rajaram, “Design and analysis of low noise amplifier for satellite transponder,” in IEEE International Conference on Circuits and Systems, ICCS 2017, 2018, vol. 2018-January, pp. 280–284. Crossref
D. Dubey and A. Gupta, “A low power low noise amplifier for biomedical applications,” in Proceedings of 2015 IEEE International Conference on Electrical, Computer and Communication Technologies, ICECCT 2015, 2015. Crossref
Y. L. Lai et al., “Low Noise Amplifier Design for IoT Wireless Communication Systems,” in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2019, vol. 644, no. 1, p. 012026. Crossref
A. Omidi, R. Karami, P. S. Emadi, and H. Moradi, “Design of the low noise amplifier circuit in band l for improve the gain and circuit stability,” Emerg. Sci. J., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 192–200, Dec. 2017. Crossref
V. Srigayathri and M. S. Vasanthi, “Design of Low Noise Amplifier for Multiband receiver,” in Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Wireless Communications, Signal Processing and Networking, WiSPNET 2016, 2016, pp. 1603–1605. Crossref
A. R. Neeraja and S. S. Yellampalli, “Design of cascaded narrow band low noise amplifier,” in International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, Communication Computer Technologies and Optimization Techniques, ICEECCOT 2017, 2018, vol. 2018-January, pp. 957–960. Crossref
NEC Corporation, “Silicon Transistor 2SC5006 Datasheet,” NEC Corporation. NEC Corporation, Japan, Jul-1993.
D. M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering, 4th Ed. USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
H. D. Surjono, Elektronika: Teori dan Penerapan. Cerdas Ulet Kreatif Publisher, 2011.
M. Xue, M. Wang, Z. Zhu, D. Zhang, and M. Wong, “Degradation behaviors of metal-induced laterally crystallized n-Type polycrystalline silicon thin-film transistors under DC bias stresses,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 225–232, Feb. 2007. Crossref
M. K. A. Rahim, M. Z. A. Abdul Aziz, and C. S. Goh, “Bow-tie microstrip antenna design,” in 2005 13th IEEE International Conference on Networks jointly held with the 2005 7th IEEE Malaysia International Conference on Communications, Proceedings, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 17–20. Crossref
Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2021 National Research and Innovation Agency
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.