Modifications of Liquid Electrolyte for Monolithic Dye-sensitized Solar Cells

       Putri Nur Anggraini, Erlyta Septa Rosa, Natalita Maulani Nursam, Rico Fernado Sinaga, Shobih Shobih


Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) has been well known as a highly competitive photovoltaic technology owing to its interesting characteristics, such as, low-cost, simple, and convenient to modify both chemically and physically. One way to reduce the production cost of DSSCs is to conduct a structural modification in the form of a monolithic structure by using a single conductive substrate to accommodate both photoelectrode and counter electrode. However, the photovoltaic performance of monolithic DSSCs is typically still lacking compared to its conventional DSSCs counterparts that uses sandwich structure. One of the crucial factors that determine the photovoltaic performance of a monolithic DSSC is its electrolyte. In this work, the performance of monolithic DSSCs were studied through modifications of the electrolyte component. Two types of commercial liquid electrolytes that have different chemical properties were used and combined into various compositions, and the resulting DSSCs performances were compared. The stability of the monolithic cells was also monitored by measuring the cells repeatedly under the same condition. The result showed that during the first measurement the highest performance with a power conversion efficiency of 1.69% was achieved by the cell with a higher viscosity electrolyte. Meanwhile, the most stable performance is shown by the cell containing lower viscosity electrolyte, which achieved an efficiency of 0.66% that measured on day 35. 



DSSC; monolithic DSSC; liquid electrolyte; photoelectrode

Full Text:



L. C. Andreani, A. Bozzola, P. Kowalczewski and L. Liscidini, “Silicon solar cells: toward the efficiency limits,” Advances in Physics: X, vol. 4, pp. 125-148, 2019. Crossref

B. O'Regan adn M. Grätzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature, vol. 353, pp. 737-740, 1991. Crossref

A. Hagfeldt, G. Boschloo, L. Sun, L. Kloo and H. Pettersson, “Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Chem. Rev., vol. 110, pp. 6595-6663, 2010. Crossref

J. Park and M. Lee, “Performance enhancement of dye-sensitized solar cell with a TiCl4-treated TiO2 compact layer,” Electronic Materials Letters, vol. 11, pp. 271-275, 2015. Crossref

H. Choi, C. Nahm, J. Kim, S. Nam, D.-R. Jung and B. Park, “The effect of TiCl4-treated TiO2 compact layer on the performance of dye-sensitized solar cell,” Current Applied Physics, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 737-741, 2012. Crossref

A. Sangiorgi, R. Bendoni, N. Sangiorgi, A. Sanson and B. Ballarin, “Optimized TiO2 blocking layer for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Ceramics International, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 10727-10735, 2014. Crossref

L. Meng and C. Li, “Blocking Layer Effect on Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Assembled with TiO2 Nanorods Prepared by dc Reactive Magnetron Sputtering,” Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 181-185, 2011. Crossref

P. N. Anggraini, N. M. Nursam, Shobih and J. Hidayat, “The effect of screen printed blocking layer on the performance of monolithic DSSC,” in AIP Conference Proceedings, 2020. Crossref

H. Y. Chen, S. R. Wang, H. Lin, G. Wang, S. H. Wang and G. J. Yang, “Stability of Dye Sensitized Solar Cells with Glass Frit Sealant,” Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 1 ,2512-515, pp. 1619-1624, 2012. Crossref

W. J. Lee, E. Ramasamy, D. Y. Lee and J. S. Song, “Glass frit overcoated silver grid lines for nano-crystalline dye sensitized solar cells,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 183, no. 1-2, pp. 133-137, 2006. Crossref

S. Karuppuchamy, A. Andou and T. Endo, “Preparation of nanostructured TiO2 photoelectrode for flexible dye-sensitized solar cell applications,” Applied Nanoscience, vol. 3, pp. 291-293, 2013. Crossref

Y. Jun, J.-H. Son, D. Sohn and M. G. Kang, “A module of a TiO2 nanocrystalline dye-sensitized solar cell with effective dimensions,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 200, no. 2-3, pp. 314-317, 2008. Crossref

Y. D. Zhang, X. M. Huang, K. Y. Gao, Y. Y. Yang, Y. H. Luo, D. M. Li and Q. B. Meng, “How to design dye-sensitized solar cell modules,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 95, no. 9, pp. 2564-2569, 2011. Crossref

A. Kay dan M. Grätzel, “Low cost photovoltaic modules based on dye sensitized nanocrystalline titanium dioxide and carbon powder,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 99-117, 1996. Crossref

A. Aslam, U. Mehmood, M. H. Arshad, A. Ishfaq, J. Zaheer, A. U. H. Khan and M. Sufyan, “Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) as a potential photovoltaic technology for the self-powered internet of things (IoTs) applications,” Solar Energy, vol. 207, pp. 874-892, 2020. Crossref

M. E. Yeoh and K. Y. Chan, “A Review on Semitransparent Solar Cells for Real-Life Applications Based on Dye-Sensitized Technology,” IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 354-361, 2021. Crossref

J. Wu, Z. Lan, J. Lin, M. Huang, Y. Huang, L. Fan and G. Luo, “Electrolytes in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 115, no. 5, pp. 2136-2173, 2015. Crossref

N. Marinakis, M. Willgert, E. C. Constable and C. E. Housecroft, “Optimization of performance and long-termstability of p-type dye-sensitized solar cells witha cycloruthenated dye through electrolyte solventtuning,” Sustainable Energy Fuels, vol. 1, pp. 626-635, 2017. Crossref

H. Iftikhar, G. G. Sonai, S. G. Hashmi, A. F. Noguera and P. D. Lund, “Progress on Electrolytes Development in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Materials, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 1-68, 2019. Crossref

G. S. M. P. Ltd., “Great Cell Solar Materials,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.greatcellsolarmaterials.com.

N. M. Nursam, A. Istiqomah, J. Hidayat, P. N. Anggraini and Shobih, “Analysis of Catalytic Material Effect on the Photovoltaic Properties of Monolithic Dye-sensitized Solar Cells,” Jurnal Elektronika dan Telekomunikasi, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 30-35, 2017. Crossref

R. Jiang, H. Michaels, N. Vlachopoulos and M. Freitag, “Beyond the Limitations of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells: Mathematical Modeling, and Materials Design and Optimization, Academic Press, 2019, pp. 285-323. Crossref

N. M. Nursam, P. N. Anggraini, Shobih and J. Hidayat, “Low-cost monolithic dye-sensitized solar cells fabricated on single conductive substrate,” in 2017 International Conference on Radar, Antenna, Microwave, Electronics, and Telecommunications (ICRAMET), 2017. Crossref

J. Wu, Z. Lan, S. Hao, P. Li, J. Lin, M. Huang, L. Fang and Y. Huang, “Progress on the electrolytes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Pure and Applied Chemistry, vol. 80, no. 11, pp. 2241-2258, 2008. Crossref

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Elektronika dan Telekomunikasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.