Design and Performance Analysis of Linear Array Microstrip Antennas with Mitered-Bends Feeding Network for X-Band Radar Applications

       Bidadariana Yunia Utami Putri, Eka Setia Nugraha, Anantia Prakasa, Subroto Fajar Siddiq

Abstract


To accurately detect objects, the radar antenna must have a high gain for the desired range. The antenna uses an array method to increase the gain. It has a unidirectional radiation pattern to meet the X-band radar implementation as a ship navigation tool. The X-band radar works at high frequencies. Thus, it will be more sensitive in detecting small particles, including rain particles. The use of a mitered-bends feeding network method by cutting the 90-degree curve is to maximize the power transmitted to reduce losses. This method spreads the bandwidth of the antenna. The antenna is designed and fabricated into a linear array of 8 elements, using the R04003C Rogers substrate with a microstrip line supply. This study limits up to 8 elements of radiation, followed by the addition of a method to expand the bandwidth of antennas. Considering material limitation and duration of antenna design. The final antenna dimensions are 142.40 mm × 42.8 mm. The measuring results show fc = 9.496 GHz, S11 = -32.64 dB, VSWR 1.05, bandwidth = 41.9 MHz (9.5159 GHz - 9.4740 GHz), and gain 8.8 dB as well as a linear polarized antenna with unidirectional pattern direction. The radar antenna tends to have a narrow beamwidth and high gain.


  http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/jet.v20.9-15

Keywords


X-band radar; microstrip antennas; linear array; mitered-bends; gain; unidirectional

Full Text:

  PDF

References


A. Awaludin, G. A. Nugroho, and S. A. Rahayu, “Analysis of furuno marine radar 1932 Mark-2 capability to observe rain rate,” J. Aerosp. Sci., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 90-103, 2013.

M. I. Skolnik, “Introduction to Radar Systems,” in Radar Handbook, 2nd ed., United States: McGraw-Hill, 1990.

M. Alaydrus, Antena Prinsip dan Aplikasi, 1st ed., Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu, 2011.

R. Riyanto, H. Wijanto, and Y. Wahyu, “Perancangan dan realisasi susunan mikrostrip X-Band untuk aplikasi radar maritim,” in e-Proc. Eng., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 2520-2531, 2015.

D. Prabhakar, P. M. Rao, and M. Satyanarayana, “Design and performance of resonant spacing linear patch array with mitered bend feed network for wireless applications,” Indian J. Sci. Technol., vol. 10, no. 31, pp. 1-12, 2017. Crossref

E. T. Rahardjo, D. P. Yusuf, Basari and F. Y. Zulkifli, “Microstrip array antenna for X-band radar application,” in Proc. 2015 Asia-Pacific Microw. Conf., 2015, pp. 1-3. Crossref

I. Atas, T. Abbasov, M. B. Kurt, and A. R. Celik, “High gain , directional and triple band rectangular microstrip array antenna design,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Adv. Technol. Sci. 2016, 2016, pp.549-553. Crossref

M. Patel, P. Kuchhal, K. Lal, and R. Mishra, “Design and analysis of microstrip patch antenna array using different substrates for X-band applications,” Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res., vol. 12, no. 19, pp. 8577-8581, 2017.

Jonifan, W. Supriyatin, Y. Rafsyam, T. Firmansyah, Herudin, and A. Herudin, “Perancangan antena mikrostrip patch circular menggunakan metode array 1×8 untuk aplikasi radar maritim frekuensi 3,2 GHz,” Jurnal Ilmiah Setrum, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 77-81, 2016. Crossref

C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory Analysis and Design, 3rd ed., Canada: A John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2005.

R. Kaul, “Microwave engineering,” IEEE Potentials, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 11-13, 1989. Crossref

K. Paramayudha, A. P. Sari, H. Wijanto, Y. Wahyu, “Design and Implementation of planar fourtear microstrip antenna for WLAN and WiMAX applications,” Jurnal Elektronika dan Telekomunikasi, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 20-24, 2016. Crossref


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Elektronika dan Telekomunikasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.